Notre Dame Cathedral
When we hear “Notre Dame de Paris”, involuntarily in our minds emerge the heroes of the novel by Victor Hugo. The French writer wanted to draw the attention of his fellow citizens to the architectural buildings of his country in order to protect them from destruction. Now his romance and Notre Dame is known to the whole world. One of the symbols of Paris, the most visited temple in the world, is created in the Gothic style, decorated with stained glass windows and scary gargoyles. It was here that the coronation ceremony of Napoleon Bonaparte took place. There is a sign among tourists: a person photographed with a chimera will look like a petrified statue in the photo. You can confirm or refute this belief by your own experience. Notre-Dame-de-Paris – the storage place of the crown of Christ, the greatest Christian relic. One of the treasures of the temple is the holy nail from the crucifixion of Jesus. Visitors to the cathedral will have the opportunity to hear the sounds of the largest organ in France in terms of the number of registers (110 registers, about 7,400 pipes). A unique gallery of kings can be seen above the portals of the cathedral: stone statues of rulers from the Old Testament. Near the cathedral on the porch there is a bronze star – a sign of “zero kilometer”. This point is the beginning of calculating the duration of all the main roads of the country. For those interested in the history of the island of Cité, we suggest visiting the Crypt of the Notre Dame temple, the entrance to which is a staircase at the end of the square opposite the cathedral. Staying inside the cathedral plunges visitors into the world of historical achievements, legends and unsolved mysteries. The way to the world famous symbol of Paris (how to get there) Since the cathedral is located in the center of the capital of France, you can get to it by metro, bus, high-speed train, taxi or car, own or rented. On the subway, choose the line that suits you. Traveling along 4 lines, you reach the stations “Cite” or “St-Michel”. Your station “Hotel de Ville” if you have chosen lines 1 and 11. Exit at the stop “Maubert-Mutualite” or “Cluny – La Sorbonne” will have those who will get on line 10. Traveling on lines 7 and 14, get off at Chatelet Station. The RER high-speed train on lines B and C will take you to the desired Saint-Michel – Notre-Dame station. Many Paris bus routes run through Notre Dame, for example, 21, 38, 85 routes. The temple is free, and then for the money (ticket prices). Entrance to the cathedral is free. At the entrance near the excursion table, everyone is going to visit a free tour of the temple. Entrance to the organ concert is also free. To visit the towers of the cathedral will have to pay 8.50 euros (with a guided tour), beneficiaries – 5.50 euros, people with disabilities and tourists under 18 will be free of charge. A visit to the treasury of the temple will cost 3 euros, to Crypt – 3.50 euros. A little expensive for the sight of the informers and the chalice of the 19th century. An audio guide in one of the languages of international communication costs 5 euros. When the cathedral is ready to receive guests (opening hours) Notre-Dame-de-Paris is open all days of the week from 8 am to 7 pm, but on Sunday – until 5 pm with a break: 12:30 – 14:00. The treasury of the temple is available for inspection daily from 9:30 to 18:00. Visits to the towers of Notre Dame take place from 10:00 to 18:30 from April to September every day. On Friday and Saturday, their work is extended until 23:00, but only in the summer. From October to March, on the contrary, it was reduced to 17:30. Closed doors of the towers can be observed on the first day of January and May, and December 25. The organ concert is held every Sunday. Beginning at 16:00 and at 17:00. The crypt of the temple is open all days of the week, except Mondays, from 10:00 to 18:00. Just watch, or watch and listen? (how much time to plan) Guided tour of the cathedral lasts about an hour. An individual visit to the temple can take anywhere from an hour to 4 hours. But note that you yourself, wandering around parts of the building, you just look at the architectural picture of the cathedral. A guided visit focuses your attention on seemingly inconspicuous things. A guide or an audio guide will introduce you to the history of the construction of the cathedral, secrets, legends surrounding the attraction. With a professional, a visit to a Catholic church will be informative and exciting. History of the Temple of the Mind The majestic and famous, beautiful and mysterious, Catholic church of Notre Dame de Paris rises on the island of Cité, in its eastern part. At one time, four churches occupied a holy place before the cathedral. In the 4th century, an early Christian church was built here, it was replaced by the Merovingian Basilica, on the site of which the Carolingian Cathedral was built in the 9th century. Until the beginning of the 12th century, a Romanesque cathedral church stood in its place. In the 12th century, it is demolished to the foundation, and in 1163, Louis VII of France begins the grandiose construction of the church. Notre Dame was created over 180 years. A vertical Gothic-style structure with a height of 35 meters has 69-meter bell towers. Power and grandeur of the building are given by elements of the Romanesque architectural style. At the end of spring 1182, the main altar of the temple is consecrated. The nave is completed by 1196. The towers were originally supposed to be spiers. But in 1240 this idea was discarded.