The Eiffel Tower
The Eiffel Tower is a symbol of Paris, located on the Champ de Mars. Almost twice as high as the Cheops pyramid, the building has been leading among the tallest buildings in the world for more than 40 years. Only in 1930 she lost the championship to Chrysler Building (New York). The architectural landmark bears the name of its author – designer Gustave Eiffel. During the creation of the metal structure, no one assumed that the entrance arch would become a world celebrity. More than 7 million people visit it annually. Unfortunately, a survey among tourists in 2007 showed that more than a quarter of them are disappointed with the attraction. The crowded inside the structure does not fully enjoy the views from the tower. Indescribable beauty lighting design: she wrapped herself in 40 km of wire. About 20 thousand light bulbs (it took 4.6 million euros) give the creation of the Eiffel a fabulous sparkle. In 2008, the tower sparkled with blue, strewn with stars (France was then the EU presidency and the radiance of the tower resembled the flag of Europe). You can visit the ice rink at the bottom of the structure. About two dozen times it was sold, several times – for scrap. This landmark of Paris survived the fires of 1956 and 2003. False mining reports and suicide cases have occurred in the history of the Iron Lady. We do not want to intimidate you, but we have no right to hide such facts. The Eiffel Tower is a place of declaration of love. Therefore, if a guy calls a girl here for a date, then pictures of the upcoming wedding are already drawn in her imagination. The construction connects lovers’ hearts and reconciles quarreling. And also it is a very beautiful design, so that they would not talk about it. And if they say, it means – it is popular. The road to the Iron Lady (how to get there) Getting to the Eiffel project is simple: keep a guide on the metro in Paris. Your 6th line and Bir-Hakeim station. Or choose line 9, then get off at the Trocadero station. If the underground path does not suit you, then use the bus routes. Your bus numbers are 42, 69, 72, 82, 87. How much does it cost to conquer the top of the sights (ticket price) A ticket for the first 2 floors costs 11 euros, from 12 to 24 years – 8.50 euros; for disabled people and children 4-11 years old – 4 euros. You can conquer the top of the building for 17 euros, from 12 to 24 years old – 14.50 euros, children 4-11 years old – 10 euros. Climbing the stairs for adults will cost 7 euros, for children 3 euros, from 12 to 24 years old – 5 euros. Tourists under 4 years old are free of charge. A glass of champagne on top of the tower will cost about 10-15 euros. From morning to night (opening hours) The symbol of the capital of France is open every day: an elevator – from 9:30 to 23:45, a staircase – until 18:30. From June 15 to September 1, both the stairs and the elevator are open from 9:00 to 0:45. Last climb at 11 nights. In the afternoon – the iron structure, in the evening – a fairy tale (how much time to plan). Consider the fact that the inspection of the Eiffel Tower should be carried out in the daytime and in the evening. During the day, you can climb the tower to admire the beauty of the architectural ensembles of Paris, the unique views of the city. In the evening, return to the foot of the tower to see its lighting, overflows of several thousand lights. You will find yourself in the center of a fairy kingdom. Believe me, you will not regret it! The history of the Iron Lady The Eiffel Tower begins its history 5 years before the World Exhibition in the French capital. The centenary of the French Revolution in 1889, it was decided to celebrate on a grand scale. The city authorities of Paris announce a competition for an architectural project demonstrating the country’s achievements in engineering. The staff of the bureau G. Eiffel, Maurice Keschlen and Emil Nougier, have long created a sketch of a high-rise tower. But the director kept debugging their work in a distant box. And now the finest hour of the engineers has come: the drawings of their project have been sent to the competition. In 1884, the Eiffel Bureau received a patent for the project. A little later, Gustave Eiffel becomes the sole owner of copyright. The competition begins on the first day of May 1886, among 107 participants, the leader is the development of Eiffel and his staff. As conceived by the designers, the tower was just a metal structure of 300 meters high. Stefan Sovestr is instructed to give the tower an aesthetic appearance: the basement pillars of the tower are lined with stone, majestic arches connect the pillars and the platform on the first floor, the halls on the floors are sewn up with glass, the top of the tower is rounded off, and the structure is decorated with decorative elements. In 1887, Eiffel signed a contract to operate his brainchild for 25 years, he was paid a subsidy – one and a half million gold francs. The construction of the tower required 4 times more money. A joint-stock company is being created where three banks and Eiffel himself contribute. At the end of construction, they reached the amount of 7.8 million francs. Later, when the exhibition was working, the money spent paid off. Everyone understood how profitable the business was. On January 28, 1887, a historical construction begins. About three hundred workers are working on the creation of a monumental majestic structure.