What sockets in France
Do the plugs of our electrical appliances plug into outlets in hotels in France? What is the voltage in the French networks, and will our devices work normally? Read the answers, as well as many interesting things – how much a kilowatt-hour costs in France, how the French get energy, what interesting “green” projects they came up with. Supply voltage in France France has a common European Union standard for power supply – 230 volts (+ 6 / -10%) of alternating current with a frequency of 50 hertz. Since 2014, in accordance with GOST 29322, a standard has been in force – 230 volts (+ -10%) of alternating current with a frequency of 50 hertz. There are no problems with voltage, all our devices work perfectly in French electrical networks. What type of sockets in France In France, they use their own format NF C 61-314, which is commonly called “Type E”. We will talk about it in detail a little later. And now just say that it is very similar to our sockets, BUT it has a grounding pin. That is, in the socket there are not only two holes for contacts, but also a special pin, which can interfere with inserting our plug into the socket. How it looks, look at the photo below, click on the photo to enlarge. French Outlets However! Some hotel owners in France are well aware that outlets with a grounding pin are inconvenient for visitors. And so they put sockets without a pin in the rooms. The probability of getting into such a hotel is about 50 to 50. Before the trip, look at the plugs of your appliances and: If the plug is flat, then you can not worry, it will perfectly fit into a French outlet. Such plugs are called “Europlug”, they are specially designed to fit into all European sockets – German, French, Italian, Swiss, but not English. If the plug is round and has a hole for the pin, then this is just a plug compatible with the French standard. You don’t have to worry. If the plug is round, but there is no hole, then it may not enter. If the power cord for your device is removable, it is best to go to the electronics store and buy the same cord, but only with a plug with a hole for the pin. Now such cords are very common. If you don’t find it or the cord is not removable, then buy a universal all-for-all adapter. A lace with a fork with a hole now (2019) costs 150-200 rubles. A universal adapter costs from 50 to 300 rubles, depending on its “tricked out”. Useful advice! Each of us has a smartphone or cell phone, someone has tablets, someone has laptops, and still cameras, camcorders and other devices. All this needs to be charged, and the outlets in the hotels are always few, and they are also occupied by a TV and a mini-fridge. “Pilot” for 5 sockets In order not to experience a shortage of outlets, take a “pilot” (a compact block of outlets) with you. Firstly, then there will be enough outlets for everyone to charge all. Secondly, the pilot has a filter that saves devices from power surges. Thirdly, the pilot can be put on a table or bedside table so that each time you do not bend down to sockets and do not look for them. Such a pilot can be bought for 300-400 rubles, its weight is 200-250 grams, it will not take up much space in a suitcase. Just see that the pilot plug has a hole for the ground pin! In the photo next, look at how the block looks and what the plug with the hole looks like. Meet me. French Type E Format established by French National Standard NF C 61-314. The socket is called CEE 7/5, the plug is called CEE 7/6. Two pins with a diameter of 4.8 mm and a length of 19 mm are located at a distance of 19 mm from each other. In terms of size and pin arrangement, the French standard fully repeats German (Schuko, Type F). At a distance of 10 mm from the line between the contacts, a grounding pin with a diameter of 4 mm is located. This format is used not only in France, but also in its former colonies – Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, as well as several European countries – the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Denmark, Poland, Belgium. How much does a kilowatt hour cost for a Frenchman? It’s difficult to say for sure it’s expensive, the prices depend on the volume of consumption and the power that the property consumes. Prices range from 0.12 to 0.2 euros per kilowatt hour. Eurostat gives France an average figure in 2018 – 0.169 euros. Compared to Russia, it is expensive. At the time of publication of this article, 0.169 euros is 12.4 rubles, and the electricity tariff in Moscow now is 5.47. Compared to other EU countries, it’s cheap. The average energy price in the EU in 2018 is € 0.22. France is a “peaceful atom” country of nuclear power plants in France. 72.3% of the electricity in France is generated by nuclear power plants. This is the highest rate in the world! However, France is still inferior to the United States in terms of total nuclear energy production, but ahead of Japan and Russia. France has 19 large nuclear power plants. Another 17.8% is accounted for by renewable sources, mainly hydropower. And only 8.6% is obtained by burning fossil fuels. To get electricity, the French do not need to import gas or oil. They sell energy to neighboring countries. Information for those tourists who are afraid of nuclear power plants. In Paris and the surrounding area there is not one.