The Paris Metro is the same age as the 20th century. The launch of the first line (“Vincennes Castle – Port Mayo”) was timed to coincide with the opening of the 1900 World Expo, but the first trains went on July 19, when the international exhibition was already three months old. In the first 20 years of the 20th century, most central lines were laid. Throughout the century, the network of underground transport communications has unevenly expanded due to the coverage of suburbs. The Paris metro is the second in Europe and the tenth in the world in terms of congestion. If in the number of lines and stations the metro of the French capital is ahead of Moscow, then in terms of the total length of the network and daily passenger traffic it is one and a half times behind. Most of the stations and tunnels are at a shallow depth, a couple of dozen stations are ground-based. The RER tunnels, the commuter subway / underground-electric trains, lie deeper. Scheme Click here to view or download the convenient Paris metro map. Hours Fourteen lines of the “usual” metro (RATP) and four lines of the suburban (RER) are open from 05:30 in the morning. RER closes at midnight. The cost of the metro, tickets. In the French capital, an extensive, developed and complex, at first glance, public transport network. Fortunately, the city leadership did not allow the situation to become even more complicated – the same tickets within the city can be used for trips on various types of transport: the “regular” metro, trams, the suburban metro / RER within zone 1 RER, city buses. As of the summer of 2016, the cost of a single ticket is 1.80 euros. It is more profitable to purchase the so-called “book” (carnet), which consists of 10 tickets. Carne price – 14.10 euros, 1.41 euros per trip. A children’s “book” for ten tickets will cost half the price of an adult carne (children from four to ten years old). A one-day ticket will cost 7-16.6 euros, depending on the number of zones. Weekly tickets are also on sale, valid strictly from Monday to Sunday. ATTENTION: you do not buy a Carnet on the bus, drivers only sell tickets for a single trip. NaviGo, a contactless rechargeable travel card, is suitable for travel on all types of Parisian public transport. With this card it is easy to activate unlimited subscription tickets for different periods. Prices may vary, but as of 2016, a weekly pass for all types of Paris transport within the first five tariff zones cost about 22 euros. Tickets are easy to buy at metro stations, on buses, at tourist offices and at the airport. The city has a lot of special ticket vending machines with menus in different languages (French, German, English, Italian). In the subway, tickets are sold at kiosks at the entrances of the stations. Do I need to save a ticket until the end of the trip? MANDATORY! A ticket will be needed even to exit the metro through automatic turnstiles. Supervisors in Paris work not only in buses, but also in subway train cars. The fines for stowaways are rather big – 45 euros. Important features – The fare often changes, check. – The first two tariff zones contain most of the main tourist attractions in Paris. – Using the one-time ticket used, it will not work to transfer from the bus to the metro or from the metro to the bus. – Be careful, it’s easy to travel outside the first two tariff zones for tickets valid in zones 1-2 (for example, with the RER train). Do not hesitate, the controllers will take advantage of your oversight and prove that you are not a camel, is unlikely to succeed. – To buy a pass for a week you will need a photograph. Having trouble with a difficult route? Go to the RATP website, where by entering the departure and destination points you can get all the necessary information about the metro lines, transfer stations and estimated travel times. Here you can download the traffic scheme of all Parisian public transport, see an interactive map online or get up-to-date information on strikes of transport network workers or repair of roads or stations. Transferring from one train to another, at first it is no wonder to confuse the metro with the RER commuter trains and accidentally drop into the outskirts of Paris. Electric trains, crossing a significant part of the way underground, are easily recognizable by double-decker red and white cars. Interesting facts and figures The abbreviation of the original name of the Paris subway was the definition of high-speed underground public transport systems around the world. The Parisian “subway” was originally called the chemin de fer metropolitan (“metropolitan railway”). Soon, this name was reduced to “metro” and “metro” and spread throughout the planet. Due to the very shallow depth, the first lines were laid strictly under the carriageway of Parisian streets, which greatly affected the configuration of the central stations. The Parisian “subway” is not so beautiful and pure as the Moscow one. If many metro stations of the Russian capital can be called a work of art without any stretch.